Here are the manuscript preparation guidelines used as a standard template for all journals. Author must follow these instructions while preparing/modifying the manuscript. When preparing your paper for publication, we strongly advise that you pay particular attention to your research methods, key results and language. Given that the manuscript must be written in English, if English is not your mother tongue we recommend that you have your paper proofread to ensure its accuracy and quality the language.

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors, who is listed in the manuscript through the online Editorial Managing System (EMS). While submitting the manuscript files through EMS, make sure your files are in Word or PDF (.pdf, .doc, .docx, .rtf) format.

If you have any difficulties logging into our Editorial Managing System for the submission of manuscript, you can send the manuscript directly to our

E-mail address

Criteria for Publication

New Discovery/ Originality

Importance of research in the respective field

Feature Prospective

Broad area of research

Rigorous methodology

Adequate evidence for its conclusions

Manuscript Preparation Guidelines

Manuscript Title

The title should be limited to a maximum of 30 words and should not contain abbreviations. The title should be a brief phrase describing the contents of the paper.

Author’s information

Complete names and affiliation of all authors, including detailed contact information of the corresponding author (Telephone, Fax and E-mail address*).

Note: The corresponding author should be marked with (*).


The Abstract of the manuscript should be approximately 300 words long and present a short description of the study. It should be clearly written, well informative and briefly state the scope of the research. Abbreviations should be avoided as much as possible in the abstract.

Background: The purpose of the study.

Methods: How the study was performed and what statistical tests were used.

Results: The main findings.

Conclusion: A brief summary and potential implications.

Note: The title & abstract are the most visible parts of a manuscript while inviting a reviewer to evaluate the manuscript. So the title & abstract must be as concise, accurate, informative and readable as possible.


A list of keywords in alphabetical order not exceeding ten words or short phrases, excluding words used in the title. (E.g. keyword 1, keyword 2, keyword 3…)

Units, symbols and abbreviations

Authors are requested to use the International System of Units for all measurements. The mathematical expressions should contain symbols. No abbreviations are allowed. If the paper contains many symbols, it is recommended that they should be defined as early in the text as possible.

Scientific names should be given the Latin names of each species in full, together with the source for its name, at first mention of the name in the main text. Subsequently, the genus name may be abbreviated, except at the beginning of a sentence. If there are many species, cite a Flora or provide a checklist which may be consulted when needed instead of listing them in the text. Do not give authorities for species cited from published references. Give priority to scientific names in the text (with colloquial names in parentheses, if desired).


This section should be written in a way that is accessible to researchers without specialist knowledge in that area and must include a summary of a literature review to indicate why this study is necessary and what it aims to contribute to the field.


This should clearly summarize the main conclusions of the work and highlight its importance and implications.

Competing interests

A conflict of interests exists when your interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by your personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors must disclose any financial competing interests, they should also reveal any non-financial competing interests that may cause them embarrassment if the work is published.

Authors are required to complete a declaration of a potential conflict of interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles. Where an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read ‘The author(s) declare(s) that they have no competing interests’.

Author’s contributions

In order to give appropriate credit to each author of a paper, the individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section.

An ‘author’ is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study. To qualify as an author one should:

Make substantial contributions to the conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data.

Be involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically on important intellectual contents.

Give final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the contents. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, alone, does not justify an authorship.


If an acknowledgment is made, it should be included at the very end of the paper before the references. This section includes acknowledgment of people, grant details, funds, etc.

Authors should obtain a permission to acknowledge from all those mentioned in the Acknowledgements section.

Funding/Financial Disclosure

The author should describe the sources of funding that have supported their work. Please include relevant grant numbers and the URL of any funder’s Web site.


All references must be numbered consecutively, in square brackets E.g.: [1] or [1,5-7,28], in the order in which they are cited in the text, followed by any in tables or legends. Each reference must have an individual reference number. Authors are requested to provide at least one link for each reference.

Note: Only published or accepted manuscripts, datasets, clinical trial registration records and abstracts should be included in the reference list. Papers that have been submitted but not yet accepted should not be cited. Limited citation of unpublished work should be included in the body of the text only as “unpublished data”. All “personal communications” citations should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors.